Search Britroyals by name, year or event


Front Page


Book Shop


Kings & Queens


Timeline


Family Trees


Royal Family


House of Windsor


Line of Succession


Frequently asked Questions


Movies


Quiz


Coat of Arms


Great Britain


King Kenneth MacAlpin (834 - 859)
Previous
Next
Books & Posters      House of MacAlpin Family Tree      English King or Queen at the Time      
King Kenneth MacAlpin
Name: King Kenneth MacAlpin
Father: King Alpin
Mother: sister of Constantine King of the Picts
Relation to Elizabeth II: 33rd great-grandfather
House of: MacAlpin
Ascended to the throne: 834
Married: unknown
Children: Constantine, Aedh and 3 daughters
Died: 859, at Forteviot, Perthshire
Buried at: Isle of Iona
Succeeded by: his brother Donald



Kenneth Mac Alpin was the son of Alpin and generally regarded as the founder of medieval Scotland. Battling against Norse (Viking) raids, he brought some unification between the Gaels and the Picts to found a united kingdom of Alba or Scotia. The Picts had been weakened by incursions from the Vikings and Irish tribes who under Fergus Mor (AD498-501) had settled in the area of Argyll. The term Scots came from the Latin Scotti which was Latin for Irish.

The map of ancient Scotland comprised Scotia (known as Alba in Gaelic) covering the Pictish Fortriu region and the Dal Riada kingdom of Irish king Fergus Mor, the Norse settlements from Viking incursions around the coastal regions and islands, the Men of Moray in the Northern highlands, Strathclyde in the West and the northern Anglo-Saxon realm of Northumbria (Bernica).

Kenneth transferred of some of St. Columba’s relics from Iona and made Dunkeld the new ecclesiastical capital. Iona was regularly attacked by Viking raiders. He is also credited with setting the ancient Stone of Destiny at Scone. According to legend the Stone of Destiny was brought to Scotland by Fergus Mor from Ireland, which it had reached by way of Spain and Egypt from the Holy Land.

Kenneth MacAlpin is considered by some as the founding father of Scotland and often compared to Alfred the Great in England. Kenneth is believed to have died from a tumour at Forteviot near Perth and was succeeded by his brother Donald.

Timeline for King Kenneth MacAlpin

Historical Timeline for Scotland 834 - Present

 834 

 Kenneth succeeds his father Alpin MacEchdach 

 839 

 Eóganan mac Óengusa and his brother Bran killed in battle with Vikings end of dominance of Fortriu. 

 844 

 Kenneth MacAlpin becomes the dominant king of the lands of Dál Riata and of the Picts which would become known as Scotia,  

 849 

 Kenneth MacAlpin moves St Columba's relics to Dunkeld making it an important Christian Centre 

 858 

 Death of Kenneth MacAlpin 

Britroyals Books and Kings & Queens Family Tree Poster