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Tudors - Queen Mary I

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Queen Mary I
Name: Queen Mary I
Father: Henry VIII
Mother: Catherine of Aragon
Born: February 18, 1516 at Greenwich Palace
Ascended to the throne: July 19, 1553 aged 37 years
Crowned: October 1, 1553 at Westminster
Married: King Philip II of Spain, on July 25, 1554
Died: November 17, 1558 at St James Palace, Whitehall, aged 42 years, 8 months, and 29 days
Buried at: Westminster Abbey

500th Anniversary of Henry VIII's accession - Tudor and Mary Rose Royal Mail stamp covers

Queen of England from 1553. She was the eldest daughter of Henry VIII by Catherine of Aragon. When Edward VI died, Mary secured the crown without difficulty in spite of the conspiracy to substitute Lady Jane Grey. In 1554 Mary married Philip II of Spain, and as a devout Roman Catholic obtained the restoration of papal supremacy and sanctioned the persecution of Protestants. The number of executions earned her the name 'Bloody Mary'. She was succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I.

Queen Mary I's Signature

Signature of Queen Mary I
 

Timeline

 1553 

 Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed Queen by her father-in-law The Duke of Northumberland. After nine days, Mary arrives in London, Lady Jane Grey is arrested, and Mary is crowned Queen. 

 1554 

 After Mary declares her intention to marry Philip of Spain, Sir Thomas Wyatt leads a revolt to depose her. 

 1554 

 Wyatt’s rebellion is crushed. Sir Thomas Wyatt, Lady Jane Grey, and her husband are executed. 

 1554 

 Mary's half-sister Princess Elizabeth is sent to the Tower of London on suspicion of involvement in Wyatt's rebellion 

 1554 

 Mary marries Philip of Spain heir to the Spanish throne. 

 1554 

 Four months after Mary's accession, Parliament meets to re-establish Catholicism in England 

 1554 

 The persecution of Protestants begins, the heresy laws are revived, and England is reconciled to Papal authority. 

 1555 

 Protestant bishops are burned at the stake for heresy. 

 1555 

 Princess Elizabeth (later Elizabeth I) is released from the Tower of London 

 1556 

 Cardinal Reginald Pole is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury. 

 1556 

 Thomas Cranmer, former Archbishop of Canterbury, is burned at the stake for heresy. 

 1556 

 Philip becomes King Philip II of Spain; he leaves England, never to return 

 1557 

 Philip II persuades Mary to declare war on France as an ally of Spain. 

 1558 

 Port of Calais, the last English possession in France, is captured by the French. 

 1558 

 Mary dies at St.James’s Palace, London. 

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