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House of Lancaster - King Henry IV

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King Henry IV
Name: King Henry IV
Father: John of Gaunt
Mother: Blanche of Lancaster
Born: April 4, 1366 at Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire
Ascended to the throne: September 30, 1399 aged 33 years
Crowned: October 13, 1399 at Westminster Abbey
Married:(1) Mary de Bohun
Married (2): Joan, Daughter of Charles II of Nararre
Children: Five sons including Henry V, and two daughters
Died: March 20, 1413 at Westminster Abbey, aged 46 years, 11 months, and 14 days
Buried at: Canterbury

King of England from 1399, the son of John of Gaunt. In 1398 he was banished by Richard II but returned in 1399 to head a revolt and be accepted as king by Parliament. He was succeeded by his son Henry V.

He had difficulty in keeping the support of Parliament and the clergy, and had to deal with baronial unrest and Owen Glendower's rising in Wales. In order to win support he had to conciliate the Church by a law for the burning of heretics, and to make many concessions to Parliament. The Percy family was defeated at Shrewsbury in 1403, and the Earl of Northumberland was beaten at Bramham Moor in 1408.

King Henry IV's Signature

Signature of King Henry IV
 

Timeline

 1399 

 Henry returns from exile in France to reclaim his estates seized by Richard II; he claims the throne and is crowned. His coronation was the first since the Norman Conquest in which the King's address was in English instead of Norman French. 

 1400 

 Richard dies of starvation in Pontefract Castle. 

 1400 

 Death of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer leaving The Canterbury Tales unfinished. 

 1401 

 Owain Glyndwr leads Welsh revolt against English rule 

 1402 

 State visit to England of Manuel II, the Byzantine emperor 

 1403 

 First rebellion by the Percy family from Northumberland defeated at the Battle of Shrewsbury. 

 1404 

 Glyndwr makes a treaty with the French, who send an army in 1405 to support the rebellion against the English. 

 1405 

 Second Percy rebellion takes place 

 1406 

 Henry contracts a leprosy-like illness 

 1408 

 Third Percy rebellion takes place. 

 1413 

 Henry dies at Westminster, worn out by constant revolts and shortage of money. 

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