Elizabeth II became Queen of the United Kingdom and
Head of the Commonwealth on February 6, 1952. As of today
she has reigned for
, and she celebrated the Diamond (60th) Jubilee of her
reign in 2012. She is head of the British Royal Family, has
4 children, 8 grandchildren and
5 great-grandchilden, and is
old. On 20th November 2012 she celebrated her 65th wedding anniversary.
She is the 32nd great-granddaughter of King
Alfred the Great who was the first effective King of
England 871-899. On 21st December 2007
she became the oldest reigning British
monarch having lived longer than her great-great-grandmother
Queen Victoria who died 22nd January 1901 aged 81 years,
7 months and 29 days.
In 2012 Queen Elizabeth II celebrated the Diamond 60th
Jubilee of her reign, and 2nd June 2013 was the 60th anniversary of her coronation.
She was crowned at Westminster Abbey on 2nd June 1953,
nearly eighteen months after she succeeded her father, King George VI.
On 10th Sept 2015 she will become the longest reigning monarch in over 1,200 years or British History when she
will have reigned longer than Queen Victoria who reigned for 63 years, 7 months and 2 days from
British Kings & Queens by Length of Reign.
Her eldest son Prince Charles
who became 66 years old on 14th November 2014 is currently
the longest waiting and oldest ever heir to the throne. See British Kings &
Queens by Age of Ascent.
The Queen's husband Prince
Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, is
old, and celebrated his 94th birthday on 10th June 2015.
He is the longest ever serving Royal Consort and oldest
serving spouse of a reigning British monarch.
On 29th April 2011 the Queen's grandson Prince
William, who is 2nd in line to the throne, married
Catherine (Kate) Middleton
in Westminster Abbey. They are now the Duke and Duchess
of Cambridge, and in Scotland the Earl and Countess of
Strathearn. On 22 July 2013 their first child Prince
George was born. He is now 3rd in
Line of Succession to the thone after his father,
Prince William, and his grandfather Prince Charles. Their
second child Princess Charlotte was born on 2nd May 2015
and is 4th in line.
Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, and Head of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Great Britain was formed 308 years ago by the Act of Union
between England and Scotland on 1st April 1707. More
about Great Britain
As well as the United Kingdom, she is Queen of Canada,
Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas,
Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu,
Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua
and Barbuda, Belize, and Saint Kitts and Nevis, where
she is represented by Governors-General. The sixteen countries
of which she is Queen are known as Commonwealth Realms,
and their combined population is 140 million.
She is Head of the Commonwealth of Nations comprising
53 member states in North America, South America, Europe,
Africa, Asia and Oceania. The aims of the Commonwealth
include the promotion of democracy, human rights, good
governance, the rule of law, individual liberty, egalitarianism,
free trade, multilateralism, and world peace. The 2.3
billion people in the member states account for almost
a third of the current world population.
Her reign of over more than 60 years has seen 12
Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, and numerous
Prime Ministers in the Commonwealth Realms of which she
is (or was) also Head of State; between them she has had
a total of 140 Prime Ministers including 11 Canadian and 13 Australian Prime Ministers during her reign.
There have been 12 US Presidents during her reign.