Search Britroyals by name, year or event


Front Page


Book Shop


Kings & Queens


Timeline


Family Trees


Royal Family


House of Windsor


Line of Succession


Frequently asked Questions


Movies


Quiz


Coat of Arms


Great Britain


Hanover - Queen Victoria

<< House of Stuart

Back
Next

House of Windsor >>

Family Tree poster and books      House of Hanover Family Tree      All Kings & Queens      
Queen Victoria
Title: Queen Victoria
Full Name: Alexandrina Victoria
Father: Edward, Duke of Kent (son of George III)
Mother: Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Born: May 24, 1819 at Kensington Palace
Ascended to the throne: June 20, 1837 aged 18 years
Crowned: June 28, 1838 at Westminster Abbey
Married: Albert, son of Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, on February 10, 1840
Children: Four sons including Edward VII, and five daughters
Died: January 22, 1901 at Osborne, Isle of Wight, aged 81 years, 7 months, and 29 days
Buried at: Frogmore

Named Alexandrina Victoria but known as Victoria, she was the only child of Edward Duke of Kent and Victoria Saxe-Coburg. Her father died when she was 1 year old and her domineering mother kept her away from her ‘wicked’ uncles Kings George and William. She had a sheltered upbringing, and came to the throne shortly after her 18th birthday in 1837 on the death of her uncle William IV who had no surviving legitimate children. She was at the time unmarried and not crowned until June 28, 1838. In February 1840 she married her cousin and love of her life Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

The British Empire was at the height of its power and she ruled over 450 million people, one quarter of the world’s population and approximately one quarter of the work’s landmass. It stretched so far around the globe from Canada to the Caribbean, Africa, India, Australia and New Zealand that it was said that the sun never set on the British Empire. India was Jewel in the Crown and in 1876 she was given the title Empress of India. The Victorian era was a time of immense industrial, political, trade, scientific and military progress for Great Britain. In her early years she was dependent on her Prime Minister Lord Melbourne and her uncle King Leopold of Belgium for advice, but increasingly her husband Albert became her main advisor. He was involved in organising the Great Exhibition in 1851, and persuaded her to take a more constitutional role in leaving the rule of the nation and Empire to Parliament. She was strong willed and her relations with her prime ministers ranged from the affectionate (Melbourne and Disraeli) to the stormy (Peel, Palmerston, and Gladstone).

Victoria and Albert had four sons, five daughters and 42 grandchildren who were married to royalty across Europe making her the ‘grandmother of Europe’. Her daughter Victoria was mother of the German Emperor Kaiser Wilhelm II, and her grand-daughter Alexandria was the wife of Nicholas II Emperor and last Tzar of Russia. The death of Albert from typhoid in 1861 plunged Victoria into mourning and she withdrew almost completely from public life spending her time at Balmoral Castle in Scotland and Osborne house on the Isle of Wight where she spent time with her favourite Scottish servant John Brown. This encouraged republican sentiments and she was the target of several assassination attempts.

However she kept control of affairs, refusing her son Edward, Prince of Wales (who became Edward VII) any active role. Her golden jubilee in 1887 and diamond jubilee in 1897 regained her popular support and matriarchal role as Queen of the nation and Empire. She died at Osborne House on 22 January 1901, and was buried at Windsor. Her reign lasted 63 years and 7 months which is the longest of any British monarch to date and the longest of any female monarch in history.

Queen Victoria's Signature

Signature of Queen Victoria

View Movie Trailer
Title: The Young Victoria
Starring: Emily Blunt as Queen Victoria,
and Rupert Friend as Prince Albert
Released: 2009
Production: GK Films

Quotes:

‘Great events make me quiet and calm; it is only trifles that irritate my nerves’ - Queen Victoria

’Being pregnant is an occupational hazard of being a wife’ - Queen Victoria’ (she had 9 children)

‘The Queen is most anxious to enlist everyone who can speak or write or join in checking this mad, wicked folly of ‘Woman’s Rights’ with all its attendant horrors on which her poor feeble sex is bent, forgetting every sense of womanly feeling and propriety’ – Queen Victoria (she was against women’s rights despite being matriarch to nearly a quarter of the world’s population)

’The important thing is not what they think of me, but what I think of them.’ - Queen Victoria


Timeline

 1837 

 Victoria succeeds her uncle, William IV 

 1838 

 Publication of People’s Charter. Start of Chartism. 

 1839 

 First Afghan War. British Forces capture the fortress of Ghazi in Afghanistan. 

 1839 

 - 42 First Opium War. Britain gains Hong Kong.  

 1840 

 Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. 

 1840 

 The Penny Post is introduced. First postage stamp is the Penny Black. 

 1840 

 First colonist settlement in New Zealand 

 1841 

 Sir Robert Peel becomes Prime Minister 

 1842 

 End of First Opium War. Britain gains Hong Kong 

 1843 

 Launch of SS Great Britain the worlds first all metal ship. 

 1844 

 Railway building mania starts. 5,000 miles of track are built in Britain by 1846  

 1845 

 - 1849 Irish Potato Famine kills more than a million people. Many emigrate to America. 

 1846 

 Repeal of the Corn Laws 

 1848 

 Major Chartist demonstration in London. 

 1848 

 Pre-Raphaelite movement begins 

 1849 

 Harrods store in London is opened 

 1851 

 Great Exhibition takes place in Hyde Park. Its success is largely due to Prince Albert. 

 1852 

 Death of the Duke of Wellington 

 1853 

 Vaccination against smallpox made compulsory. 

 1853 

 Victoria uses chloroform during the birth of Prince Leopold. 

 1854 

 -1856 Crimean War fought by Britain and France against Russia. 

 1854 

 Charge of the Light Brigade 

 1854 

 10,000 die of cholera from contaminated water in London.  

 1856 

 The Victoria Cross is instituted for military bravery. 

 1856 

 David Livingstone discovers the Victoria Falls 

 1857 

 -1858 Indian Mutiny against British rule. 

 1858 

 Isambard Kingdom Brunel launches The Great Eastern, the largest ship in the world and the first with a double iron hull.  

 1858 

 First trans-Atlantic telegraph service 

 1859 

 Publication of Charles Darwin’s The Origin of the Species

 1861 

 Prince Albert dies of typhoid 

 1861 

 - 65 Civil War in America. Southern states unsuccessfully seek to involve Britain which has sufficient cotton from Egypt and India, but needs the Union North's grain.  

 1863 

 The world's first underground railway is opened in London 

 1863 

 Edward, Prince of Wales, marries Alexandra of Denmark 

 1863 

 The Salvation Army is founded. 

 1863 

 The Football Association is founded. 

 1865 

 Slavery is ended in America with Northern Union victory in the American Civil War 

 1867 

 The Second Reform Bill doubles the franchise vote to two million. 

 1867 

 Canada becomes the first independent dominion in the Empire. 

 1867 

 Karl Marx publishes the first volume of Das Kapital 

 1868 

 Gladstone becomes Prime Minister for the first time. 

 1869 

 The Irish Church is disestablished. 

 1870 

 First Education Act. Primary education becomes compulsory. 

 1870 

 Death of Charles Dickens 

 1871 

 Trade Unions are legalized 

 1872 

 Secret voting is introduced for elections. 

 1872 

 Henry Stanley finds David Livingstone who had been missing in Africa. 

 1874 

 Disraeli becomes Prime Minister for the second time. 

 1875 

 Suez Canal shares purchased for Britain. 

 1875 

 Thomas Moy demonstrates his Aerial Steamer the worlds first flying machine at Crystal Palace, London 

 1876 

 Victoria becomes Empress of India. 

 1876 

 Scots Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone 

 1878 

 Second Afghan War. British defend the Kyber Pass.  

 1878 

 William Booths Christian movement adopts the name The Salvation Army 

 1879 

 Tay Bridge disaster 

 1879 

 Zulu war, British troops massacred at Isandlwana and Rorkes Drift 

 1880 

 Gladstone succeeds Disraeli as Prime Minister 

 1880 

 - 1881 First conflict with Boers in South Africa 

 1883 

 British occupy Egypt 

 1884 

 Third Reform Act all adult males given the vote. 

 1884 

 Greenwich Meridian and Mean Time adopted 

 1886 

 First Irish Home Rule Bill fails to pass House of Commons. Gladstone resigns as Prime Minister. 

 1887 

 Victoria celebrates her Golden Jubilee. She has ruled for 50 years.  

 1887 

 Independent Labour Party is founded. 

 1891 

 Free schooling is introduced. 11 years later school attendance becomes compulsory for all children.  

 1893 

 Second Irish Home Rule Bill fails to pass the House of Lords. 

 1897 

 Victoria celebrates her Diamond Jubilee. 

 1897 

 Marconi demonstrates wireless transmission across the Bristol Channel 

 1899 

 -1902 Boer War in South Africa. Siege of Mafeking 

 1900 

 Labour party founded 

 1901 

 Queen Victoria dies, aged 81. 

Britroyals Books and Kings & Queens Family Tree Poster